Compressive garments were initially used in the medical field to help with prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and pathologies. Only recently, they have spread to the sports industry as a tool to improve athletic performance and promote quicker recovery post-exercise. For running, most findings suggest that compression mainly benefits as a post-exercise recovery tool, rather than during an intense session aimed to directly improve performance.

The proposed main benefits associated with the use of compression garments post-exercise include improvements in blood flow, reduce post-exercise muscle soreness and microtrauma, psychological comfort, and limited inflammatory response with delayed onset of muscle soreness.